The Spinone and its Standard By Ezio Pagliarini:
OF THE SPINONE
From E.N.C.I. Le Razze Italiane
The association for the protection of the Spinone breed in Italy is called C.I.Sp. (Club Italian Spinoni) derived from the Ex Family of the Spinone (Club of Spinone enthusiasts for the protection and improvement of the breed) and was founded in 1949 by Dr. Paolo Brianzi and Dr. Ezio Caraffini.
Dr. Giuseppe Solaro Dr. Demetrio Ullio to left and Dr. Paolo Brianzi to right
The C.I.Sp., besides organizing shows of a high level, all of which are dedicated to the evaluation of the Hunting and Morphological aspects of the Breed, puts much effort into the preparation of the Spinone Yearbook in which, besides greetings to the President and reporting the results of all the shows that have taken place throughout the year, also reports the association rules and (Morphological and Work) Standards of the Spinone.
Reading the morphological Standard, one is immediately aware of the differences between some of the descriptions concerning the typical features of the Spinone with regard to the Official Standard of the E.N.C.I. (available on line at the address:
this difference, unfortunately, gives rise to embarrassment and confusion among the Spinone enthusiasts.
It is to be said immediately that the exact Standard to be referred to, is that reported by the E.N.C.I ., and the discrepancies are easily identified as follows:
Official E.N.C.I. STANDARD.
Pag. 2 of 7, paragraph 1. Skull and Head. Oval-shaped skull- its lateral walls gently sloping like a roof, with very well developed occipital protuberance and parietal crest very pronounced. The bulge of the forehead is not very developed, not towards the front or in height; the superciliary arches are not too prominent, the stop is barely marked, whereas the medial frontal furrow is very pronounced.
Pag. 3 of 7 Eyes
They are large, well open and set well apart, the eye is round; the lids closely fitting the eye which is neither protruding or deep set. They tend to be on the same frontal plane.
The iris is of an ochre colour, more or less dark according to the colour of the coat.
STANDARD C.I.Sp Yearbook. 1999 Pag. 11. and
Dolichocephaic-long-headed. The direction of the longitudinal superior axes of the skull and muzzle are diverging, the stop is absent.
4.1) Cranial region:
Oval-shaped skull- its lateral walls gently sloping like a roof, with very well developed occipital protuberance and parietal crest barely marked. The cheeks are lean.
The bulge of the forehead is very developed, towards the front and in height; the superciliary arches are not too prominent, the stop is barely marked, whereas the medial frontal furrow is less pronounced.
4.2) Facial region:
- Eyes: they are big, well open and set well apart, they are round. The eye is neither protruding or deep set, the eyelids closely fitting in a semi lateral position. The colour of the iris must be ochre, more or less dark according to the colour of the coat.
It is clear that in the underlined
words there are differences that create confusion and need to be verified. Because those reported by the Club have been modified deliberately, it isnà¡ question of typing errors, and therefore are not correct as far as breeding planned and aimed at the improvement of the race is concerned.
A head with a very pronounced parietal crest
and with eyes
on the same frontal plane
constitute an unmistakable trait of the Spinone and this particular feature is easily noted even from a distance.
On the contrary, a head like the one described in the the C.I.Sp Standard will be less typical and very similar to that of the Italian Bracco, which has its eyes in a semi-lateral position, a barely perceptible parietal crest .
I remember that during a C.I.Sp meeting, at which I was present, a leading judge, whom I esteem greatly, describing the head of a Spinone, expressed himself thus: "I would like to see a touch more parietal crest ä¨©s was meant to say that a more pronounced crest would have given that Spinone a more characteristic trait.
I have attached some photos of Spinone in which it can be observed that the parietal crest is of great importance and, the eyes on the same frontal plane, that are big, well open, round and of the correct colour constitute a great part of its unique features for the global evaluation of the Spinone.
Skull of white and orange Spinone of Lombard origin, male, with very pronounced parietal crest (Thiers IIIê ? of the Cingia, owner Brianzi)Compare the photo of the skull of a Spinone taken from Ceresolià¢¯ok on page 236, of a male spinone with the photo of a female spinone on a black background , in which the parietal crest is so clearly seen that it looks almost the same, in this head the eye can also be seen to be on the same frontal plane
Study of Head of white and orange Spinone female, skull roof- shaped, Fosca of Subasio. Owner Ezio Pagliarini
I have also attached a photo of a female pup at the age of three months, whose eyes are definitely on the same frontal plane, I hope that the Editor finds the space to insert all the photos by reducing their size if necessary.
Roan brown female Spinone , eyes in position decidedly on same frontal plane, Sarah of Subasio at 3 months. Owner Ezio PagliariniBesides the discussion on the important parts of the head there are also two proposals to bring to the attention of the E.N.C.I. Technical Committee and naturally to that of the C.I.Sp., the first concerning size, the second the colour of the coat.
With regard to size I would like the proposed reduction to be discussed of the maximum limit for the males from 70 to 65 cm considering that with the 2cm tolerance margin it would still reach 67 cm, leaving the minimum limit unchanged at 60 cm. For the female the reduction from 65 to 60 cm for the maximum and the minimum from 58 to 55 cm.
My proposal is not entirely new, in fact, many before me have proposed and adopted these measures, suffice it to read the book (or rather great work) by Ceresoli "The Italian Spinone and the similar races" from which I report some passages knowing that many people don't have this book, which today is out of print, but perhaps the E.N.C.I. could soon surprise us!
We can see from these passages, that already in the 1897 the Braccofila Society while proposing a light and heavy stature establishes these measures:
Stature and weight of the body.
Males: from 54-56 cm. and 24-25 Kg. to 64-66 cm. and 34-36 Kg.
Females: from 52-54 cm. and 22-23 Kg. to 62-64 cm. and 32- 34 Kg.
Admitted, but not preferred, statures up to 63cm.
I have reported these measurements to show that today, in the current Standard, while not speaking about light or heavy stature, it gives the possibility however of attaining the same result, Spinoni from 60 to 70 cm, that is with 10 cm gap, as recently seen in the show ring.
In 1926 Talè¼¯i> proposes only one size range from 60 to 65 cm. In 1928 Bosisio, Brunetti and Rezza give these measurements:
60 cm for the male and 55 for the female; adding their preferences for the larger sizes, but not beyond the 65 and 60 cm respectively, these ethnic data will be adopted by the Italian Kennel Club.
In 1933 also Brianzi and Ullio after the constitution of the Society Friends of the Spinone give measurements of 55-66 cm for the male and 52-62 for the female, in 1936 these measurements are proposed to the K.C.I.,still in 1936 also Fiorone proposes the measurements 52 to 66 cm.
In 1939 we can refer to the Ethnic Data by Solaro, they are certainly the most complete and they are approved of by the E.N.C.I., the measurements are the current ones, but looking at his drawings, one does not have the impression of top-sized spinoni , I believe that, on close observation of the drawing of the roan brown spinone on page 159 of the book, it does not even reach 65 cm.
If this proposal is accepted Spinoni will be more homogeneous and not the giants of 70/ 72 cm that have certainly deterred many hunters from Spinone ,either due to the space it would take up in the car or for those who live in flats where space is fundamental, it is, in any case, counter-productive for the breed to see spinoni of maximum and minimum size in the same Ring, as has happened at recent meetings where there has been the impression that not only one breed of spinone exists. I hope that this situation is discussed as soon as possible.
As far as colour is concerned, debate centres only around the roan brown variety, it is written that the best shade is the ï®«à¨¡bitÉ have always added that it is right to specify that as the "mendicant friar".In fact the order of the Franciscan monks is divided into more groups and this is the one that must be chosen. The mendicant friar is the person who, for many years, with a wheelbarrow and "mule" travelled around the countryside and collected the donations from the farmers: wheat, must and olive oil for the convent. He said he would pray for them and sometimes to those who smoked he would give some tobacco : this is the monk with the warm coloured habit that is the right shade of roan brown for our spinone.
Unfortunately now there is the proposal to return to the origins of Francis when the habits were dark grey and so we wouldnà³¥e the brown anymore but dark grey instead. For this reason I thought I would present a new and definitive interpretation of the colour of the coat of the roan brown spinone.
Today PANTONE ã¼¯span> MATCHING SYSTEM is used to define a colour that is the same all over the world, which is a revolutionary method that prevents errors, a system which identifies each colour by its an own number that is identical in Italy, America or elsewhere. For the roan brown Spinone PANTONE ã¼¯span> 469 CVC (see example attached ) is perfect and will be the same all over the world; whoever has a computer that isnà´¯o old could draw a square and will fill it with this colour, anybody that doesn't have a computer will only have to drop by a graphics store and ask for a sample taken from the catalogue of the PANTONE ã¼¯span> MATCHING SYSTEM, as we will all have all the same reference. Pantone ã¼¯span> 469 CVC, colore a tinta calda come la tonaca di Frate Cercatore.
Pantone ã¼¯span> Colour 469 CVC, warm shade like that of the Mendicant friarà¨¡bit.
In the show ring, anyone will be able to observe a brown roan spinone and compare the colour to their own sample of the PANTONE ã¼¯span> MATCHING SYSTEM and the result will always be the same: PANTONE ã¼¯span> 469 CVC. and so putting an end to any possible dispute.
We hope that the roan brown spinone coat will become more and more homogeneous and nearer to this colour. Currently there are too many spinoni with a very dark coat, which doesnì³°an style="mso-spacerun: yes"> suit "human" eye of the spinone.
Roan brown male Spinone , defined by Comm. Paul Ciceri, a super Spinone, Mendicant friar or Pantone 469. Owner Ezio Pagliarini
In the colour photo the difference between the mendicant friar habit colour or PANTONE ã¼¯span> 469 CVC and the very dark colour of the spinone in the background can be seen (Dr. Luca Massimino, "neo-graduate" is observing this detail, further back, a University Professor is pointing out the same thing with his right arm).
I really hope that this can be discussed , as it would unite the ideas and objectives of spinone enthusiasts, who believe in this breed and, now with the accessibility of Internet and e-mail, people from all over the world are able to communicate. In fact our spinone is not restricted to one nation, nowadays it is known internationally , it is its moment of glory, the Americans adore it, there are requests from every continent: we must then try to forget the bad publicity in the years immediately the after war, when, as Giulio Colombo writes in his book Trialer writes: "The spinone suffered the insult of crossbreeding with other races, Kortals and Boulet, that descend down from him and didn't boast his specific assets."
Today the spinone has freed itself from this insult and with the increase of requests, (also in Japan they want the spinone) the increasingly greater interest on the part of hunters to take part in trials with their own spinone, the precious contribution that the E.N.C.I. gives to the Italian breeds and the great commitment of the C.I.Sp. towards ever increasing improvements, all make for a hopefully very important future for the Spinone.
The above is meant to be above all an opening towards a discussion group nominated by the E.N.C.I. and by the C.I.Sp. that really deals with the establishment of rules all aimed at the global amelioration of the race, given that today, this breed has made a successful entry into many Countries of the World.
Ethnic data of the breed 1939
Ethnic data of the breed 1939
By Mr.Solaro approved by the E.N.C.I.
Rassegna Cinofila, E.N.C.I., Milan, N. l. 1939.
Translated by Mrs. Sonia Mari
Dog belonging to the group of the italian bracco (according to the classification of Mr.Pierre Megnin).
Italian: Senofonte (500 B.C), Grazio Falisco, Nemesiano, Seneca, Arriano already talked about this breed. Selincourt (Le Parfait Chasseur, 1683) says: «les meilleurs griffons viennent d'Italie et du Piemont» (the best griffons come from Italy and from Piemonte).
General characteristics of the breed:
(general appearance, proportions, harmony, aptitudes).
The general structure is that of a mesomorfus, temperate (submesomorfus), the trunk is harmonious and square in comparison with the shape and discordant in comparison with the profile. Solid, rustic and vigorous dog. Strong bone structure and well-developed muscles and distinct aptitude towards fast and wide gait. He can hunt on all terrains , in different climates, but especially into the brumble and in the woods. The breed has a docile character, patient and sociable. His physiognomy is intelligent, indicating strenght and courage.
Expressive eyes with almost human sweetness. Resistant to tiredness, he can easily enter in the bramble bush and into deep and cold water having a very thick skin layer covered with hard hair.
He's known for his instinct as the best retriever and as a really good swimmer.
The total length is 4/10 of the height to the withers; the length of the muzzle has to be half of the total length of the head, so that half of the length is over the horizontal line that joins the two internal angles of the eyes. The width of the two skull between the ceek bones doesn’t have to exceed half of the total length of the head, better if less. The skull index doesn’t have to exceed the number 50 and the best would be 45. The direction of the longitudinal axes of the skull and of the muzzle are divergent, in fact, prolonging the superior line of the nose, it has to pass above or tangentially to the occipital apophysis, but never below.
Should be on the same line of the nasal bridge spongy, big and with a very big and rounded edge.. Of rosy colour in the whites brighter in the white-orange, brown in the roans and in the browns. In profile the nose protrudes over the forward vertical line of the lips.
Slightly straight and hilly. Length: see “Head”.
His width measured at half of its length has to be 1/6 of the total length of the head or 1/3 of the length of the nasal bridge.
Lips and muzzle:
The upper lips are thin and divide under the nose and become round to the anterior extreme, they cover the the lower lips and they show a fold on their labial joint so that the lower profile of the muzzle depends of the profile of the upper lips which have the joint as the lower part of the profile itself. The lateral faces of the muzzle have to be parallel and seen from the front it has to be square.
Strong and with the set of the teeth perfectly fit together. Healthy set of the teeth. The branches of the lower jaws have to be slightly curved.
Depression of the frontal nose:
The depression of the frontal nose has to be slightly inclined: see “ Skull”.
Its length has to be the same as the one of the muzzle and its width (cheek-bones) does not have to exceed half of the total length of the head.See “Head”.
Its shape is oval, the occipital apophysis is very developed and the interparietal crest is marked so that the lateral walls of the skull( on their superior border) are slightly inclined and of a convex shape. The lateral walls of the skull softly decline so that the superior line is never flat. The bulge of the forehead are not very developed and slightly escape to the back. The superciliary arches are not too prominen .
The eye has to be big and well opened, the inferior eyelid has to tend to the roundness, it has to closely fitting the eyeball and the lower lids does not have to be overtuned.
The eyeball doesn’t have to be neither protrudentor deep set.
The joining line of the external and internal angles has to be almost horizontal.
The colour of the iris is intense yellow in the whites and white-orange; it tends to be ochre in the brown roans.
The pigmentation of the eyelids has to be the same of the nose.
Triangular shape, the length never exceed 5 cm, the inferior line of the throat has to have a normal position.
The width occupies the area that goes from thepoint of insert of the head to the neck until the middle of the zygomatic arch..
The joint of the ear has to be on the uppest part of the zygomatic arches. The ear has to drop adherent to the ceek, never rolled up but slightly turned inwards . It has to be almost constantly relaxed with scarse erectile capacity.The tip of the ear is slightly rounded. The skin is thin and covered with a short and dense hair interpolated by a light scattered hairs that thickens at the edges.
Strong and muscular clearly distinguished from the nape of the neck, it is harmoniously merged with the shoulders. Its length is 2/3 of the length of the head and its perimeter is 1/3 of the height at the withers.
The throat has to have a light abundance of skin which shows a lightly developed double dewlap.
The shoulder has to be strong with muscles and free in the movements. The length has to be ¼ of the height at the withers and with an inclination of 46 - 60 degrees. In comparison with the median plane if the body ,the point of the shoulder-blades are not very close to one another.
The arm has to be oblique but it has to be inferior to the one of the shoulder (65 degrees), it is well muscled; its position is almost parallel to the medial axis of the body. The scapular-humerus angle is of 125 degrees with an inclination of the scapula of 60 degrees.
A vertical line, strog bone structure; its section is oval. The hind tendon is strong and detached. Its length has to be a little bit more than 1/3 of the height at the withers and exactely 3,54/10 of the height. The height of the whole arm at the elbow is 57% of the height at the withers. The elbows have to be covered by a soft and relaxed skin and they have to be parallel to the median plane of the boby. The point of the elbow has to be perpendicular from the back point of the scapula.
It follows the vertical line of the forearm, covered by thin skin with the a prominent bone.
They have to be flat forward and backwards and seen in front , they follow the straight line of the forearm. The length doesn’t exceed 2/9 of the length of the elbow arc.
Round picked with well adherent fingers between themselves and covered by a short and dense hair even between the fingers. The pads are lean and thick-skinned, the pigmentation depends of the colour of the coat. Nails are strong and curved; in the whites and white-orange the nails could be white or with a light pigmentation. In the roans and in the browns the colour has to be dark but never black.
The length of the body is equal to the hight at the withers.
Wide and weel opened with well developed chest muscles. Its width has to be the 30% of the height at the withers. The handle of the stern has to be lower than the point of the shoulders and the closer is to the horizontal line of the stern the better.
Large and deep going down until the elbow. Its transversal diameter has to gradually decrease until the stern but it never has to be carinate so that the cartilage of the ribs are still convex. The ribs arcs have to be opened; the profile of the sternal area tends to be horizontal.
In a spinone of 65 cm (height of the withers) the chest should be: perimeter (behind the elbow) 79 cm; perimeter ( ribs arcs) 69 cm; depth 38 cm; height 26 cm; trasversal diameter 22 cm. So the chest index will be given by a number not exceeding 6, better if lower.
Well rounded, oblique, large space between the ribs, long, oblique and well-opened fake ribs.
Withers raised on the dorsal line and large because of the points of the shoulder-blades that are well apart.Upper profile of the back is made up of two segments:the first, nearly straight,slopes from the withers to the 11th vertenbra with an inclination of 15 degrees; the other, slightly convex, joins with the solid and well arched lumbar region.
The length of the back is 38% of the height at the withers.
They follow the second part of the back and they are merged with it, slightly convex, they have well developed muscles in width. Their height is little more than ¼ of the height at the withers.
Their width is similar to their length and is like 14,15 to 16.
Hips and stomach:
The lower profile of the abdomen (seen from the profile of the stern) ascends towards the hip of few centimeters (maximum 6). The hips have to be almost equal to the length of the renal region. The hollow of the hip has to be minimum.
The rump has to be wide, strong and well muscled. The trasversal diameter, between the two hips, has to reach 1/7 of the height at the withers. Its length is 1/3 of the height at the withers, excately the 29% of this height. Its inclination is about 40% on the horizontal so that the rump is a little bit “sunk”.
Long, large, muscled with the back border slighyly convex. Its length doesn’t have to be less then 1/3 of the heught at the withers. Its external side (from one border to the other) has to reach ¾ of its length. Its direction is slightly oblique and, in relation with the vertical, it has to be parallel to the medium plane of the body.
With strong bone structure, dry muscles in the upper part. The furrow is marked and evident. The length of the leg has a ratio with the thigh of 25 to 23. Its inclination is about 65° below the horizontal.
The distance between the the point of the hock and the pads doesn’t have to exceed 3/10 of the height at the withers. Its two faces are never too big. Its angle is opened due to the inclination of the tibia, Seen from the back the line that goes from the hock to the ground must be on the vertical as an extention of the buttock.
Strong and dry, its length is given by the hright of thr hock. It has a simple ariculated ram.
Little more oval then the front one with all its characteristics
Well inserter in the rump, thich at the base, it is carriedeither horizontally or down, cutted at about 15-25 cm from the base.
The admitted coulors are: white, white orange markings, white speckled with orange, white with brown markings ; white speckled with brown(roan brown) with or without brown markings.
Hard, dense slightly rough hair close fitting to the body. Length 4 to 6 cm, shorter on the nasal bridge,ears,the head, the front sodes of the legs and the feet. On the back sides of the legs, the hair is rough brush but never with franges. The hair can be shorter and thinner during the pack of hounds but it never has to prevail the hard hair.Long and stiff hair garnish the eyebrows,part of the ceeks and the lips forming eyelashes, moustache and beard giving the spinone his own typical good-natured expression.
Close fitting to the body it must be thick and lean. It covers the body forming two folds which go from the sides of the lower jaws and disappear at the first half of the neck. Whwn the head is carried low one just notice a fold which descends from the outer corner of the eye over the ceeks. The pigmentation of the skin varies according to the colour of the markings. The colour of the external mucous membranes depends of the colour of the coat and they never have to be black or with no pigmentation (disqualifying fault).
Size and weight:
Male from 60 to 70 cm, females from 58 to 65 cm.Weight : males from 32 to 37 kg, females from 28 to 32 kg.
When hunting easy gait and extended fasr trot; during the first moments of the search he can intercalate paces of gallop.
ETHNIC DATA OF THE SPINONE BREED 1936 According to Dr. Brian
ETHNIC DATA OF THE SPINONE BREED
According to Dr. Brianzi and Dr. Ullio
Proposed to the K.C.I. February 17th 1936
by: ADRIANO CERESOLI
The Italian Spinone and the Similar Races
The writings of Senofonte (400 B.C.), Grazio Falisco (Cinegetico), Nemesiano (232 A.D.), Seneca’ Arriano, they already described two thousand years ago this dog from firm (Sagax) with long and strong hair, experienced in hunting in the woods.
The general conformation is that of a solid, square, rustic and vigorous dog, with strong bone structure and well-developed muscles. The structure of the body is more extended than that of the bloodhound: the short and stumpy forms are not typical of the Spinone. The form is well lengthened that confers with his walk - that gives the breed its particular characteristic move in an almost lanky and with a trot that allows him to go crawling in an almost suspicious and wary of every detail around him. It’s a dog that is able to hunt on all the grounds in any climate, but especially in the marshlands and in the woods.
The breed has a docile character, patient, and is sociable, and has an imposing gait, especially in the male.
Its physiognomy has something human: it is good and strong at the same time, indicating reasoning and courage.
Resistant to fatigue, it is a long-living dog.
Having a very thick skin layer, often covered by hard hair, thick and adherent, he can easily enter in the bramble bush and in the cold and deep water. His derma, almost deprived of sebaceous glands doesn’t emanate the characteristic odour unlike other dogs. He’s always clean, because he often and voluntarily enters in the water and because the dirt doesn’t have the possibility to attach on its hard and bristly hair.
He’s known for his instincts as the best retriever. It is not a dog to lash out without reason: in this case his intelligence rather than to make him scary makes him indifferent, almost intolerant of the commands.
Distinct aptitude leans towards easy and loose trot.
Loose-limbed the walk, creeping next to the firm. In the first moments of the quest he can intercalate gallop without injury.
The continued gallop is maintained as normal gait.
Size and weight.
For males from 56 to 66 cm; for females from 52 to 62 cm. Respectively weight kg. 32-36 in the male and kg. 30-34 for the female.
Deficiency in the development and the exaggerated size (elephantiasis).
The admitted coats are; pure white, white roan with orange spots, white with orange
Markings, brown and white, the roan, and the brown roan.
To be considered as a fault are the coats of three colours with spots on the superciliary arches or on the breast, on the hindquarters and the forelegs, the black and all the coats of one colour or black marked.
Hard, dense bristly coat, enough adherent to the body that covers everything.
Long from 4 to 6 cm on the body, shorter on the nasal edge, on the head, in the ears, on the anterior parts of the limbs and on the feet.
On the hindquarters of the limbs appears like that of a brush, but never so long to resemble a fringe. The hair can be interpolated by shorter and thin hair, but never in the form of down – thin and thick in the under coat. Straight long hair, garnish the superciliary arches, the cheeks, of moustaches and of beard, conferring to its figure the expression of an old philosopher.
The hair is of the best quality, both in the whites and in the roan, which under the sun has to have a metallic reflection, as he has a wealth of a horny substance in the cortical region of the hair. On the back, if trying to overturn it, it has to offer resistance and after a little time, it has to return as adherent as before.
The subjects with abundance of good dense hair are appreciated.
Defective those subjects with hair locks growing in different directions, curled, wavy, woolly, harsh, sparse and thin. Also a subject with lock of soft hair and subsequently curled on the head and with fringe on the back of the limbs.
Rather adherent to the body, it has to be thick, big, dry, and leathery. The thickness often reaches and surpasses that of an ox. It’s thinner on the head, on the throat, on the groin, under the armpits and on the back parts of the body trunk.
The skin covers the body with moderation, forming two folds on the skin under the chin and another one scarcely visible that starts from the external angle of the eye until the cheek, followed by an ear of hair.
The layer of the derma almost entirely lacking of sebaceous glands, the epidermis has a very developed horny layer and it is poor of capillary terminations. It’s this anatomical particularity that allows the Spinone to enter at his ease the iced water, to voluntarily sleep on the snow and to face without injury, the bramble-bush inaccessible to other dogs.
The pigment has to be relative to the colour of the mantle, and they never have to show black or white spots with no pigmentation.
The thin, soft, greasy and flabby skin
Rather thick on the whole, but always proportionate to the body and the stature.
The small heads, disproportionate are not typical of the Spinone.
Superficially the lateral sides of the skull have to slightly form a convex shape. In the center on the median line, the marked interparietal crest that goes to heal the very developed occipitale apophysis.
The lateral walls of the skull, especially in the back, softly decline so that the superior part never lies flat.
The opposite sides of the skull have to be narrow.
The mastoid temporal region must be depressed, and the bulge of the forehead and the superciliary arches not too marked.
A well proportionate head is when measured by the occipital bone to the point of the nose should be when its half falls on the joining line of the eyes.
The flat head on the upper part that is of a ball shape; the heads that are too large on the sides of the skull without interparietal crest; with eyebrows arcades that are leaning out too much and, generally, the heads with angularity in the features.
Should be on the same line of the nasal bridge - big, spongy, of rosy colour in the whites and in the white orange, brown in the roans and in the brown roans brown. From the front the nose is slightly leaning out from the joint of the lips. The nostrils have to be big, and well opened.
The lifted up nose, small, pointed, too dark in the whites, blackish in the roans, with spots with no pigment and with black stains. The narrow nostrils.
The nasal bridge is long, straight or better slightly like the one of the ram.
The face seen of forehead is square, seen in profile it is slightly rounded off to its anterior extreme and slightly receding to the back.
Prolonging the superior line of the nose it has to pass above or tangentially to the occipital apophysis, but never below.
Short nasal bridge square, pointed, or excessively narrow to the sides.
Depression of the frontal nose.
It must be mentioned and the link between the two lines of the nose and of the skull has to be – ‘I would say almost pretty.”
The frontal nose “jump” marked.
Moderate in the development and of average bigness. The lower lips slightly escape to the back; the uppers divide under the nose and becoming round to their anterior extreme so that they cover the lower ones and they reach the labial joint with a light fold, and are not excessively drooping.
Abundant and flabby lips; fold of the labial joint too marked and drooping.
Strong developed, well fit together.
Slender jaw, superior and inferior prognathism.
The expression and the conformation of the eye are one of the most important characteristics of the Spinone.
The eye has to let shine through the seriousness, the goodness and the intelligence; it must be well positioned in the skull; the eyes must be well spaced out. Eyes close to one another will never give the Spinone expression.
The eye has to be big and well opened so that the pale coral colour of the inside is visible.
The inferior eyelid has to tend to the roundness, well inserted, never drooping. The eyeball never has to be leaning out.
If the eye is well positioned then it is a good sign; the two joining lines, the two prolonged external, internal angles of the eye, they have to meet themselves on the nose to form a very brief distance from the internal angles.
The colour of th6e iris is intense yellow in the whites and white orange, and it tends to be ochre in the brown roans.
The small eyes; when too close to each other; the almond shaped eyes; the iris too clear or too dark; the suspicious look; flashing; sharp; and gazelle shaped eyes.
Of average size, in length it just surpasses the inferior line of the neck. Attached on the horizontal line one of the eye, with not too large joint, does not drop too rolled up, but with a slight leaning towards the inside of the head, and almost adherent to the cheek, never finishing pointed, but slightly rounded off and turns a bit outwards.
The skin of the ear is thin, soft; the hair that covers it is short and dense, interpolated by a light undercoat that thickens at the edges.
It has to be almost constantly relaxed, with scarce erectile capacity.
The thick ear, ordinary, too small and triangular, too big and similar to the Italian Bracco breed. The too erectile ear or the one attached too high. The ear to laid back and too shaven
The strong and muscular neck, cylindrical, rather short, goes down with smooth inclination from the head marking a jump behind the occipite and it is inserted in the breast with harmonious line.
The throat has to be of moderate skin without abundant or undivided skin.
Slender, long, full of skin on the neck.
Chest: square profile, muscular, wide, well opened.
Narrow, too wedge, a little low
Large and deep, going down until the elbow. Not carinate, but with ribs well rounded off.
Narrow, carinate, short, not low.
Well rounded off up to the insertion of the sternum and good prolonged to the back so that it is well inserted in the hollow of the hip.
Ribs not sufficiently arched.
The superior profile of the back is composed of two lines. One, almost straight that goes degrading from the wither to the eleventh dorsal vertebra, the other, slightly arched that goes rising from this vertebra to the rump, joining with the line of the kidneys. The wither is a little pronounced with detached shoulder blades.
Saddled back, too short, lacking of the breaking of the eleventh vertebra.
Wide region, muscular, rather short and slightly arched.
Long backs, flat and tight, attached low in comparison to the rump.
Abdomen and hips.
The inferior profile of the trunk is almost horizontal on the thoracic area and slightly flexed inside in the abdominal part.
The hip has to be well closed from the ribs and its hollow has to be of a little width.
Abdomen concaved, wide hip, deep.
Wide, square, muscular and rather short, slightly inclined to the back at 20 degrees on the horizontal line. Defects:
Too drooping, tight, long, too raised again.
Shoulder and arms.
The shoulder has to be strong with muscles, long and inclined. The angle that it makes with the humerus has to be at 85/90 degrees. The arm has to be, oblique, muscular and well adherent to the chest.
Straight shoulder, thin, poor of muscles, clumsy in the movements; point of the shoulder wide apart to the outside.
Straight, round, muscular, with strong tendons and well detached, it finishes to the carpus, dry and strangled, as that of the chamois. The elbow, a little pronounced is well settled to the ribs.
Slender forearms, arched, not well aplomb, open elbows, shaky.
Short, thick and dry.
Small or swollen by the rickets.
They have to be well settled to the carpus without strangling. They have to be rather short and slightly flexed.
Slender metacarpus, long, too flexed or too straight and those deviant from the line of the aplomb: left-handed and the back limbs that tend to be inwards.
Round, picked with well adherent fingers between themselves and partially connected by a membrane, they are covered with short and dense hair.
The hard soles are more or less brown in accordance to the mantle.
The fingernails of white colour in the whites and white orange or brown in the brown roans, they are well bent on the ground that they give the impression to hold on to it.
Long and wide feet, wide apart fingers, with fingernails turned forwards. Weak soles. Fingernails variegated of black or completely black.
Rather long, well muscular, not wide apart, with rounded off back border.
Short and flat.
Long, strong, dry, settled to the hock with strong tendons.
Short and narrow
Rather short, but wide and dry, well tied up in the upper part and in the lower one to the leg and the metatarsus. Not too bent (145°) and well on the line of the aplomb.
Right hock, too closed, narrow, out of the aplomb. Open or wide hocks, closed hocks.
Short metatarsus, strong, dry and slightly flexed. On the inside, inferior extremity, bring the articulated simple spur. Admitted the untied spur and that of the double. Tolerated the absence of the spur.
Long metatarsus, slender, turned out (vaccines) or backwards.
The shape is less round form of the anterior foot, it has to preserve however all its characteristics.
As for the anterior foot.
Attached on the continuation of the rump, strong to the root, with tendency to taper soon, it is horizontally brought and slightly lowered in rest, slightly raised again in a march or in hunting.
It is covered by straight hair well adherent, never like a fringe or a like a bow. It is cut around 15 - 20 cm. from the root.
Attached tail too high or too low. Coarse tail with a tendency to bow. Tail brought up. And total lack of the tail, but not such as to exclude the dog from the competition.
Translated by Mrs. Sonia Mari